HEALTH (LIVER): Unsafe s*x Practices, Blood Transfusions, Others, Causes Hepatitis C | READ DETAILS

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Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV): the blood-borne virus, can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis.

According to medical report, a significant number of those who are chronically infected with Hepatitis C will develop cirrhosis or liver cancer.


Hepatitis C virus is mostly contacted through exposure to small quantities of blood;

  • The reuse or inadequate sterilization of medical equipment, especially syringes and needles
  • Injecting drug use through the sharing of injection equipment;
  • Transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products;
  • S*xual practices that lead to exposure to blood (for example, among men who have s*x with men, particularly those with HIV infection or those taking pre-exposure prophylaxis against HIV infection).
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HCV can also be transmitted s*xually and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby; however, these modes of transmission are less common.

Hepatitis C is not spread through breast milk, food, water or casual contact such as hugging, kissing and sharing food or drinks with an infected person.


  • People who inject drugs;
  • People in prisons and other closed settings;
  • People who use drugs through other routes of administration (non-injecting);
  • Men who have s*x with men
  • Recipients of infected blood products  with inadequate infection control practices ;
  • Children born to mothers infected with HCV;
  • People with HIV infection;
  • People who have had tattoos or piercings.
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  • Immunization with the hepatitis A and B vaccines to prevent co-infection  and to protect the liver
  • Early and appropriate medical management including antiviral therapy
  • Regular monitoring for early diagnosis of chronic liver disease.
  • Safe and appropriate use of health care injections
  • Safe handling and disposal of sharps and waste
  • Provision of comprehensive harm-reduction services to people who inject drugs including sterile injecting equipment and effective and evidence-based treatment of dependence
  • Testing of donated blood for HBV and HCV (as well as HIV and syphilis)
  • Training of health personnel
  • Prevention of exposure to blood during s*x
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World Health Organization says there is currently no effective vaccine against hepatitis C; however, research in this area is ongoing.


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